Isa.58:12


Helping restore Father's people

to the Ancient Paths of scripture.

Walking in the Ten Words (Commandments) and the Power of the Holy Spirit

(Rev.12:17, Luk.10:19, Mat.28:19-20)


The Repairer of the Breach


The 3 days & 3 nights issue


MATTHEW 12:40 - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE


This subject seems to me to have taken on a life of its own; causing more confusion about the truth of the matter of how long Yeshua was in the grave and when he rose from the dead.


I feel we must thoroughly examine all scripture on this matter to try to see the true message and connection with the Spring Feasts

.
Let us first lay the ground work for judging a matter.


Deu_17:6 At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.

Deu_19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Joh 5:31 "If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true. 32 There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony he gives about me is true.

Joh 8:17 In your own law it is written that the testimony of two people is valid. 18 I am testifying about myself, and the Father who sent me is testifying about me."


By these verses above, a matter needs at least two witnesses to be valid.  In the gospels, what does Yeshua say about His death?


Mat 16:21 From that time forth began Yeshua to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.

Mat 17:23 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.
Mat 20:18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Mar 8:31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.(note: the word translated ‘after’ could also have been translated ‘in, on, against, upon).
Mar 9:31 For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day.
Mar 10:33 Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: 34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Luk 9:20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answering said, The Messiah of YHVH. 21 And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing; 22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.
Joh 2:18 Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? 19 Yeshua answered and said unto them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up”. 20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? 21 But he spake of the temple of his body. 22 When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Yeshua had said.
Luk 24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved the Messiah to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:


Above we have nine times Yeshua proclaimed the time of His rising from the grave.  That is nine witnesses! How did the people understand what he meant?


Mat 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Yeshua, to put him to death;60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,61 And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of Elohim, and to build it in three days.
Mat 27:39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of Elohim, come down from the cross.
Mat 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 64 Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
(see note above at Mar 8:31. If it really meant ‘after’ why the statement in the next verse UNTIL the third day?  Shouldn’t it say the fourth day?)


Mar 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.
Mar 15:29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,

Luk 24: 5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, 7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.


Hmmm…… even the Angels are proclaiming it is the third day.


Luk 24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass. 13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. 14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Yeshua himself drew near, and went with them. 16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him. 17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? 18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass therein these days? 19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Yeshua of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before Elohim and all the people: 20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. 21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, today is the third day since these things were done. 22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; 23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.


I think this last proclamation of the events is the most solid proof of the timing of the days of Yeshua’s trial, crucifixion, burial and resurrection.  Where else can we look for evidence of the sequence of the days?


Joh 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Yeshua forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

Mar 15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arimathaea, and honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of YHVH, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Yeshua.
Luk 23:52 This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Yeshua. 53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 54 And that day was the preparation,and the sabbath drew on.
(Note: the meaning of ‘drew on’ is ‘to grow light’)


Joh 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the stake on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,)besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.


(Note: ‘high day’ is more correctly translated ‘great’.  It was still the Sabbath.)


Joh 19:40 Then took they the body of Yeshua, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 42 There laid they Yeshua therefore because of the Jews preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand


Luk 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them. 2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.


Joh 20:1 On the first day of the week, early in the morning and while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and noticed that the stone had been removed from the tomb………..Joh 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen Yeshua, and that he had spoken these things unto her. 19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Yeshua and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.


Mar 15:47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid.


Mar 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

Mar 16:9 Now when Yeshua was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene,

Luk 23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.


Okay, so we have the trial and crucifixion on the preparation day of Passover and for the Sabbath the next day.  He is laid in the tomb that evening, the women note His burial place and go home for Sabbath.  The first day of the new week (if Sabbath is the 7th day of the week, it is the last day of the week) they go to the tomb and find it empty.  Yeshua then meets the two on the road that very day until evening and then appears to His disciples that evening of the THIRD day.  Have I overlooked anything?  Oh Yeah, the Jonah thing.  What is really going on in the verses of Jonah?  Have we honestly studied the total proclamation of Yeshua in them?  Let’s look at the verses now.


Mat 12:38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Rabbi, we would see a sign from thee. 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whales belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it:because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. 42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it:for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.


Luk 11:28 But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of YHVH, and keep it. 29 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. 30 For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. 31 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. 32 The men of Nineveh shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it:for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.


When reading the two above references, it is quite obvious Yeshua is talking about hearing Him and obeying His instructions and warnings; just as the Ninevites heeded the warning of Jonah and the queen of the south listening to the wisdom of Solomon, for these Pharisees and Sadducees had one greater with them.  I understand that verse 40 in Mathew is the kingpin of problems.  Most cannot get past that one to make sense with all the other scriptures of ‘in three days’ or ‘on the third day’.


I do not claim I can explain this verse to anyone, but, I do see through all the accounts of the days taken in the scriptures of Yeshua’s Passion, there is no way he was in the ground even three full days.   Look – Yeshua died at the 9th hour (3p.m.) on the day of preparation, was buried that night as the Sabbath day drew near.  All rested the Sabbath day and early in the morning of the first day of the week (remember, the Sabbath is the 7th day of the week; therefore the last day of the week – then comes the first day of the new week) the women come to an open tomb.  He is gone!  That does not add up to 3 days and 3 nights in the grave no matter how you cut it.  So what could that verse mean?  I would like to put forward a possible meaning to this statement.  First we need to go back to the Greek definition of a couple of the words in Mat. 12:40. The word ‘heart’
– kardia, (kar-dee'-ah)
Prolonged from a primary κάρ kar (Latin cor, “heart”); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle: - (+ broken-) heart (-ed).


And the word ‘earth’ - gē, (ghay)
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application): - country, earth (-ly), ground, land, world.


If you examine these two key words used by Yeshua, could He possibly be saying that His time would start with the heart breaking thoughts, feelings and brokenness of what he was sent here to do.  Dealing with all the occupants of this world to make a way of redemption?  If this makes any sense, please let me continue.  Let us now look at the Passover account in John.


Joh 13:1 Now before the feast of the passover, when Yeshua knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. 2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simons son, to betray him;


Joh 18:1 When Yeshua had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. 2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Yeshua ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. 3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.


Joh 18:27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew. 28 Then led they Yeshua from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early;and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. 29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?


Joh 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Yeshua forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!


Joh 19:30 When Yeshua therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the spirit. 31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the stake on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,)besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.


Joh 19:40 Then took they the body of Yeshua, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 42 There laid they Yeshua therefore because of the Jews preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.


Joh 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Yeshua loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away Yeshua out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.


Joh 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen Yeshua, and that he had spoken these things unto her. 19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Yeshua and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. 20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw Yeshua.


Now let’s look at this a little closer.  According to John, they ate BEFORE the Passover began.  Some ancient writings actually say it was the evening of the 13th.  If it were that evening, then after they ate they went to the garden where Yeshua began His labored praying.  At about midnight they came and took him to the high priest for the trial.  When morning arrived which would be the 14th and the beginning of the preparation day, he was taken to Pilot and then taken to be crucified at the sixth hour of the day; breathed his last at the 9th hour and was taken down that evening, prepared by the two men and laid in a tomb.  The next day was the great Sabbath that started the week of unleavened bread and Yeshua-By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; 20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of YHVH waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water. 1Pe 3:19-20 – The next morning which was the day of First Fruits and the first day of the new week,  The women came to the tomb and found it empty!  So, what do we have here? 


The 13th - in the evening Yeshua had Passover with his disciples and went to the garden–beginning his agony– night 1.
The 14th – continued his agony and passion till his death and burial - Day 1 and night 2.


Please look at this.  Here is the fulfilling of the Day of Atonement – evening (13th) to evening (14th) afflicting the soul.


The 15th - The Sabbath and all at rest. Day 2 and night 3.
The 16th - The morning of FirstFruits - and the empty tomb. Day 3.

(Co 15:20 But now is the Messiah risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in the Messiah shall all be made alive. 23 But every man in his own order: the Messiah the firstfruits; afterward they that are the Messiahs at his coming.)


We must remember that YHWH set up the Feasts – His Feasts – at specific times and on particular days.  These were to be shadows for us to follow and watch for His fulfilling of them.  He commanded the Israelites to have the Passover on the night of the 14th of Nissan.


Exo 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: :6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it

Exo 12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to YHVH throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.


The next day – the 15th – was the first day of unleavened bread and the first day of freedom to leave that bondage.


Exo 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. 17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.
Exo 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
Lev 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is YHVH's passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto YHVH: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. 7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHVH seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.


The day of Firstfruits - the 16th -was introduced to the Israelites while on their journey through the wilderness.


Lev 23:9 And YHVH spake unto Moses, saying, 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11 And he shall wave the sheaf before YHVH, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.


How do I know it was the next day?  This was understood by the Jews. It was written in the Mishna, Philo, Josephus, and Talmud.  Because He set these times down for us to observe, Yeshua HAD to fulfil them exactly.  His blood shed on the cross was a token of our being purchased (redeemed) – 14th. He had no sin (leaven) as he was laid in the tomb – 15th.  He was the Firstfruits from the dead – 16th.


I inquired of YHWH why in the New Testament this one Sabbath was called great, but not the one starting Sukkot.  I feel He showed me in the above verses.  It was commanded to be observed as a memorial for their being set free from bondage – Just as Yeshua did descending into Sheol to preach to those imprisoned by sin and setting them free along with those still alive and then rising from the dead the next day which just happens to be firstfruits!


Co 15:20 But now is the Messiah risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in the Messiah shall all be made alive. 23 But every man in his own order: the Messiah the firstfruits; afterward they that are the Messiahs at his coming.)


He fulfilled all PERFECTLY and we can celebrate the memorial perfectly every year too according to YHWH’s calendar.  Each year it never fails.


Diane