Isa.58:12


Helping restore Father's people

to the Ancient Paths of scripture.

Walking in the Ten Words (Commandments) and the Power of the Holy Spirit

(Rev.12:17, Luk.10:19, Mat.28:19-20)


The Repairer of the Breach

When we discovered that many things we believed were not from God but were instead traditions of men, some even brought in from pagan practices, we looked for the true path to worship and obey Father.  We turned to our brother Judah for direction.  This however was not what YHWH wanted.  He wanted to show us His pure path, for even Judah had strayed from it.  They also made their own traditions that kept one from following the pure path of YHWH.  They bound tethers around the people making the obeying of YHWHs' commandments burdensome and difficult to understand without a Rabbi or priest to interpret.  In digging into scripture and history we have been uncovering a simple walk set out by our Father.  Deuteronomy 30:11 says:


For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not too hard for thee, neither is it far off.


This comforting statement is also echoed in 1 John 5:3:


For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.


After the time of the exile the leaders of Judah began putting what we call fences around the Torah of YHWH.  This was done by them to protect what He had set down for His people to follow.   These fences were referred to by Yeshua as "the traditions of men".


Some of these fences, I am sure were set with good intentions to keep the people from violating Torah.  The big problem is when that fence takes on the equivalence of a commandment from YHWH Himself.


One fence I am going to expose is when a day really started.  Let us begin by examining Gen. 1:1-5.


Gen 1:1  In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth. 2  But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and the Spirit of God moved over the water. 3  And God said, Let there be light, and there was light. 4  And God saw the light that it was good, and God divided between the light and the darkness. 5  And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night, and there was evening and there was morning, the first day.


We all know these verses practically by heart.  I suggest this may be our problem.  It is so familiar to us we don’t really see what it is saying.  We know that everything was made by Yeshua and without Him nothing was made.  We know that He is the Word made flesh.  Therefore, it was by the word of Elohim that all was made.  Now look again at the verses above.  What were the first WORDS  of Elohim?  “Let there be light”.   This was the beginning of the creating on the first day.  Light was the main object here.  The darkness that had covered the earth was now removed from its overbearing position.  After He saw this was good, Elohim divided the two.  How? The first to be put in place was ‘ehreb’ (evening – that time when day melts away) and then ‘boker’ (morning – that time when night retreats from the coming light). This completed the first day and prepared for the next day of creating.


I have copied several quotes from different sources for you to read.


Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 591-597
"In order to fix the beginning and ending of the Sabbath-day and festivals and to determine the precise hour for certain religious observances it becomes necessary to know the exact times of the rising and setting of the sun. According to the strict interpretation of the Mosaic law, every day begins with sunrise and ends with sunset...
p.475
"DAY" (Hebrew, "yom"): in the bible, the season of light (Gen. 1:5), lasting "from dawn (lit. "the rising of the morning") to the coming forth of the stars"


Roland de Vaux, O.P., "Ancient Israel - Its Life and Institutions," tr. John McHugh,(McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, rpr.1965), p.180-183
"In Israel, the day was for a long time reckoned from morning to morning...and it was in fact in the morning, with the creation of light, that the world began; the distinction of day and night, and time too, began on a morning (Gen. 1:3-5, cf. 14:16, 18). The opposite conclusion has been drawn from the refrain which punctuates the story of creation: 'There was an evening and there was a morning, the first, second, etc., day'; This phrase, however, coming after the description of each creative work (which clearly happens during the period of light), indicates rather the vacant time till the morning, the end of a day and the beginning of the next work..."


The Jewish Festivals: History & Observance
"This, approximately, is the picture we have of the Sabbath in those very old days, when both kingdoms, Judah and Israel, still existed. It was a festival on which there was a cessation of daily work, and the people assembled in the sanctuary to celebrate the day. The strict rest of later days was not yet a part of the Sabbath (p.6)...At any rate, beginning with the Babylonian exile, we find the Sabbath attaining a new significance, and a deeper spiritual content....in the Babylonian exile...The Sabbath attained a higher state of development among the exiled Jews in Babylonia, and it was these exiled Jews who enforced on Palestine their sabbath, with its stricter observance and its universal rest (p.7)....The Jews in Palestine, about a century after the Babylonian exile, did not as yet know the strict Sabbath of the Babylonian Jews (p.8)...At The Beginning of The Common Era...In order to assure against profanation of the Sabbath the Jews added the late Friday afternoon hours to the sabbath (p.13)...The Sabbath in general, thus attained its peak in the first two centuries of the Common Era, the age of the Tannaim (My note: 70 AD-200AD), as the Jewish teachers and sages of that period were called. However, there were no Friday night services as yet. This most beautiful part of the Sabbath observance developed somewhat later in the age of the Amoraim (My note: 350 AD-500 AD), as the sages of the Talmud from the third century on were called, and it did not attain its highest peak until much later, at the very threshold of modern times. In the time of the Tannaim there was no Friday night service in the synagogue (p.14)...later it became customary to hold communal services in the Synagogue on Friday night..." (p.15).


Jacob Z. Lauterbach, "The Sabbath in Jewish Ritual and Folklore," in the "Rabbinic Essays by Jacob Z. Lauterbach," (Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati, 1951), p.437-470
'WHEN DOES THE SABBATH BEGIN?
... As the Sabbath is the seventh day of the week and extends over one whole day, a brief discussion of the development of the Jewish system of reckoning the day is necessary to determine the time of the coming in and the going out of the Sabbath.
There can be no doubt that in pre-exilic times the Israelites reckoned the day from morning to morning. The day began with the dawn and close with the end of the night following it, i.e. with the last moment before the dawn of the next morning..."And it was evening and it was morning, one day." This passage was misunderstood by the Talmud, ... But it was correctly interpreted by R. Samuel b. Meir (1100-1160) when he remarked: "It does not say that it was night time and it was day time which made one day; but it says 'it was evening,' which means that the period of the day time came to an end and the light disappeared. And when it says 'it was morning,' it means that the period of the night time came to an end and the morning dawned. Then one whole day was completed."


Edited by W. Gunther Plaut, "The Torah - A Modern Commentary," (Union of American Hebrew Congregations, New York, 1981), p.920- 930
'At what point did the civil day begin? There is some evidence that at one time the day was reckoned from sunrise to sunrise. But before the close of the biblical period, it had become standard to reckon the day from sunset to sunset, and this has been Jewish practice ever since...


Julian Morgenstern, "The Sources of the Creation Story - Gen. 1:1-2:4," AJSL, XXXVI, (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1920), p.169-212
In early Jewish practice, ..., it seems to have been customary to reckon the day from sunrise to sunrise, or, rather, from dawn to dawn. Thus the law for the "praise-offering" (Lev. 7:17 [Pt]) specifies that this sacrifice must be eaten on the day upon which it is offered, and that nothing may be left until morning. The repetition of the law in Lev. 22:30... is even more explicit: "On that very day (when it was sacrificed) it shall be eaten; ye shall not leave anything of it until morning. Clearly the next morning is here reckoned as belonging to the next day, and not the same day as the preceding evening and night. In other words, the day is reckoned here from sunrise to sunrise.


In my husband Dennie's booklet "the Feasts of YHWH" calendar solutions, he shows detailed proof from the gospels of sabbath starting in the morning at Messiah's death, burial and resurrection.  (free e-book)


Just because we have shown the error of thinking the day (especially Sabbath) starts in the evening does not mean the wonderful dinner that marks the end of a busy week and heralds in the Sabbath the next morning should be stopped.  What this information does uncover is that we are not violating any commandment if we finish up chores that evening before tucking ourselves into bed.


Shalom,

Diane


WHEN DOES A DAY BEGIN?